Erythropoietin (EPO)

Erythropoietin molecular structure
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Erythropoietin (EPO) is a hormone naturally produced by the kidneys that stimulates red blood cell production. It plays a vital role in maintaining an adequate oxygen supply in the body. In recent years, EPO has gained popularity as a performance-enhancing drug, primarily among endurance athletes like cyclists and long-distance runners.

The use of synthetic EPO injections can significantly increase the number of red blood cells in the body, resulting in improved oxygen transport, better aerobic capacity, and enhanced endurance. By increasing oxygen delivery to muscles, EPO enables athletes to perform at higher intensities for longer periods.

However, the use of EPO as a performance-enhancing drug is not without risks. Potential side effects include an increased risk of blood clots, hypertension, and stroke, particularly when EPO is abused or used in excessive amounts. Furthermore, the use of EPO is banned by most sports organizations, including the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).

When used responsibly and under medical supervision, EPO can be an effective treatment for individuals suffering from anemia, chronic kidney disease, or other conditions that result in low red blood cell counts. Proper dosages and monitoring are essential to minimize the risk of side effects and ensure the safe use of EPO.

While Erythropoietin (EPO) is not a steroid, it is still classified as a performance-enhancing substance. EPO is often used in conjunction with anabolic steroids to further improve endurance, recovery, and overall athletic performance.

The use of EPO can lead to several side effects, including increased blood viscosity, hypertension, headaches, flu-like symptoms, and an increased risk of blood clots, stroke, and heart attack. These risks are heightened when EPO is abused or used without proper medical supervision.

EPO dosages can vary depending on the individual and the intended purpose. For therapeutic use, dosages are typically determined by a healthcare professional. For performance enhancement, athletes often start with a low dose, such as 20-40 IU per kg of body weight per week, and gradually increase based on their response and tolerance.

A typical EPO cycle for performance enhancement lasts 2-4 weeks, with injections administered every other day. It is crucial to monitor hematocrit levels and blood pressure closely during this time to avoid dangerous side effects.

EPO is often stacked with other performance-enhancing substances, such as anabolic steroids, to maximize benefits. Some common examples include testosterone, Equipoise, and Winstrol. However, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional before stacking EPO with other substances.

The detection time of EPO varies depending on the type of test used. In general, it can be detected in blood samples for up to two weeks after the last injection. However, recent advancements in testing methods have made it increasingly difficult for athletes to evade detection.

The price of EPO can vary depending on the brand, purity, and source. On average, EPO costs between $200 and $500 for a single vial containing 2,000 to 4,000 IU. It is crucial to purchase EPO from a reliable source to ensure its quality and safety.

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EPO has been a game changer for my endurance training

Rated 5 out of 5
February 20, 2023

EPO has been a game changer for my endurance training. My stamina and performance have significantly improved, enabling me to push through longer and more intense workouts.

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Damir
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Considerable increase in my endurance and energy levels

Rated 5 out of 5
February 14, 2023

I’ve been using EPO for a few months now and have noticed a considerable increase in my endurance and energy levels during workouts. It’s an excellent addition to my training program. Rating:

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Jericho
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EPO has definitely helped with my endurance

Rated 4 out of 5
February 10, 2023

EPO has definitely helped with my endurance, but I’ve experienced some mild side effects, such as headaches. I’ll continue using it but with caution.

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Robin
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EPO into my training regimen has been a positive experience

Rated 5 out of 5
February 4, 2023

Incorporating EPO into my training regimen has been a positive experience. My endurance has improved, and I feel more energized throughout my workouts.

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Wallace
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Solid addition to my training routine

Rated 4 out of 5
January 24, 2023

EPO has been a solid addition to my training routine. While it has improved my endurance, I haven’t experienced a dramatic change in performance.

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Alistair
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